Built environment

The built historic environment is particularly important. There are over 5,000 Listed Buildings and 165 Conservation Areas within the South Downs National Park, many of which lie in the historically significant market towns of Lewes, Petworth, Midhurst and Petersfield, as well as the dozens of historic villages that lie at the foot of the chalk scarp. Particularly characteristic is the use of flint, which can be seen in buildings from Beachy Head to Winchester. The South Downs is also a landscape of great estates, country houses and designed parkland, notably Petworth House, Parham, Uppark, Firle, Stansted, Glynde, West Dean and Hinton Ampner.